The divergent paths of renewable energy in Germany and the United States

This paper seeks for explanations for the differences in the grows of solar and wind energy in Germany and the USA. It argues that the divergence started in the late 1980s and the early 1990s due to the impact of external events (Chernobyl and German unification) which created windows of opportunities for the emergence of pro-renewable political forces which were first supported by and later supporting effective policies.

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When Do States Invest in Energy Security?

The article by Andrew Cheon and Johannes Urpelainen in the Journal of Conflict Resolution proposes an elegant method of explaining energy R&D in OECD countries by tying it to military expenditures and the concentration of the global oil production in the Middle East. The paper would benefit from more systematically defining its independent variable (energy security as extending beyond using oil in military conflicts) and dependent variable (energy policy as extending beyond R&D expenditures).

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