Towards a post-oil Alberta

Alberta has the third largest oil reserves in the world, after Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. In early 2015, profits from the oil sands made up about 5% of Canada’s GDP Canada’s highest incomes are found in the heart of oil-sand-country. However, Alberta’s real GDP contracted over 3.5% each in the years 2015 and 2016 due to the fall of oil prices. What does this experience tell us about contractions expected as a result of decarbonisation?

Read More

When Do States Invest in Energy Security?

The article by Andrew Cheon and Johannes Urpelainen in the Journal of Conflict Resolution proposes an elegant method of explaining energy R&D in OECD countries by tying it to military expenditures and the concentration of the global oil production in the Middle East. The paper would benefit from more systematically defining its independent variable (energy security as extending beyond using oil in military conflicts) and dependent variable (energy policy as extending beyond R&D expenditures).

Read More